Preserve, Promote, or Attack? GNN Explanation via Topology Perturbation


Prior works on formalizing explanations of a graph neural network (GNN) focus on a single use case - to preserve the prediction results through identifying important edges and nodes. In this paper, we develop a multi-purpose interpretation framework by acquiring a mask that indicates topology perturbations of the input graphs. We pack the framework into an interactive visualization system (GNNViz) which can fulfill multiple purposes: Preserve,Promote, or Attack GNN’s predictions. We illustrate our approach’s novelty and effectiveness with three case studies: First, GNNViz can assist non expert users to easily explore the relationship between graph topology and GNN’s decision (Preserve), or to manipulate the prediction (Promote or Attack) for an image classification task on MS-COCO; Second, on the Pokec social network dataset, our framework can uncover unfairness and demographic biases; Lastly, it compares with state-of-the-art GNN explainer baseline on a synthetic dataset.

arXiv preprint arXiv:2103.13944
Dakuo Wang
Dakuo Wang
Associate Professor

My research interests include human-computer interaction, human-AI collaboration, natural language processing, health informatics, data science, and computer-supported cooperative work.